Capital utilization by Roger R. Betancourt Download PDF EPUB FB2
Book Description. This book presents the theory of capital utilization, a discussion of the econometrics of capital utilization, and econometric tests of the theory using international data.
Capital utilization, defined as the proportion of time that capital is working productively, is mainly affected by by: Capital utilization, economic growth and convergence [An article from: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control] [S.
Chatterjee] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This digital document is a journal article from Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, published by Elsevier in. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Media Library Author: S. Chatterjee. Capital utilization is given different interpretations in the economic literature.
If a machine is available for use during, say, a day, then various levels of utilization can be obtained by varying the duration of operations within the day. This book presents the theory of capital utilization, a discussion of the econometrics of capital utilization, and econometric tests of the theory using international data.
Capital utilization, defined as the proportion of time that capital is working productively, is mainly affected by shift-working. Capital utilization, economic growth and convergence | Santanu Chatterjee | download | BookSC. Download books for free.
Find books. Abstract. Utilization of capital can take place through variations in the duration of working time, given intensity, or through variations in the intensity of working time, given duration, or both.
This article focuses on the economic factors determining duration and discusses the issues affecting and affected by variations in intensity.
This paper studies the implications of procyclical capital utilization rates for inference regarding cyclical movements in labor productivity and the degree of returns to scale. To study cyclical movements in Capital utilization book utiliza- tion we use two measures of capital services: industrial electrical use and data on Capital utilization book workweek of by: From this point of view the utilization of capital is far from stationary.
A recent paper (Nikiforos, ) shows that at the firm level, the desired utilization rate can become endogenous if we Author: Michalis Nikiforos. The capacity utilization rate is a metric used to measure the rate at which potential output levels are being met or used. It provides insight into the overall slack that is in an economy or a Author: Will Kenton.
Capacity utilization is an important concept for any business and plays a big role in the cost of production for any given product as well as the profit that can be made on the sale of that product.
Just about any business has a capacity, whether it is for manufacturing products, serving customers or completing projects. This paper studies the implications of procyclical capital utilization rates for inference regarding cyclical movements in labor productivity and the degree of returns to scale.
We organize our investigation around five questions that we study using a measure of capital services based on electricity consumption: (1) Is the phenomenon of near or actual short-run increasing returns to labor an Cited by: Cap Utilization rate is also used sometimes in Time MAnagement to prorate quotas.
if someone is 50%, they often get 50% of the normal quota for their position. "MarcH. via sap-r3-hr" wrote: Hi Sedders, I have to use it in benefits to determine the basic life insurance (1* annual salary) and also the coverage-step in long-term disability Author: Nspp. Optimal Capital Utilization by Financial Firms: Evidence from the Property-Liability Insurance Industry Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Financial Services Research 21(1) February.
The top panel shows that capital utilization flexibility has a direct impact on the consumption reaction to IST shocks. Because the capital stock at time t is determined in period t − 1, when capital utilization is fixed (dashed line), only labor supply to the consumption sector can affect consumption output.
Upon a positive I-sector shock at time t, workers with relatively high EIS (equal Cited by: 2. calculate utilization by dividing the building’s audited enrollment by the adjusted capacity.
Our formulas for determining utilization and capacity are explained in greater detail on the pages that follow. It is important to note that the Target Capacity and Utilization figures reflect aspirational goals for school buildings.
Since the FY period t, k, is the capital stock (see below for a discussion about its units) at the begin- ning of period t, h, is an index of the period-t utilization rate of k, and It is labor input in this period.
The variable h -which for a given capital stock determines the flow of capital services kth -represents the in. Capacity utilization for the industrial sector decreased percentage points to percent in March, a rate that is percentage points below its long-run (–) average.
The estimates in this release incorporated data on stay-at-home orders as well as other information on industrial activity for. Optimal Capital Utilization by Financial Firms: Evidence from the Property-Liability Insurance Industry Abstract Capitalization levels in the property-liability insurance industry have increased dramatically in recent years—the capital-to-assets ratio rose from 25% in Cited by: The Enrollment, Capacity & Utilization Report is an annual document that provides information on school organization and school building utilization.
The utilization data is derived by using information from the Principal Annual Space Survey where principals report on how spaces are being used during a given school year. Understand the difference between capital utilization and capital preservation: In the illustration, we saw that because Bob and Sue wanted to preserve their retirement account and live solely off the income, they required retirement assets of $2, Using the capital utilization method and an assumed life expectancy of 27 years, the.
"Capital Utilization," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, numberEnero. Johnson, Paul A., " Capital utilization and investment when capital depreciates in use: some implications and tests," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol.
16(2), pages According to me below are some of the innovative ways which can improve the capacity utilization. Boost Planned Manufacturing It is always difficult to raise the capital which you think is Author: Jayesh Desai.
(“The Yellow Book”). Audit planning includes conducting a risk analysis by process; establishing audit objectives with stakeholders; determining lots, confidence levels, and data collection methods; scheduling audit vis-its; and coordinating support.
Research, evaluate, and determine the adequacy of the contractor’s proper-File Size: KB. Capital Preservation With this approach, the capital used for income replacement is left intact and the beneficiaries live off the income it produces. To calculate, arrive at the annual income need, divide this figure by a conservative, after tax, rate of return that can be earned to arrive at a total for your income replacement fund.
To conclude, this book is a valuable reference for researchers interested in capital utilization or shift-work. For the general economist who wants to learn about these topics, however, this book is of limited use, because it has serious gaps in coverage and inconsistent treatment of what it covers across different chapters.
Indeed, it is. Highlights We reconcile a controversy on the TFP and capital utilization in Japan's lost decade. We incorporate capital utilization into the Hayashi and Prescott () model. We find that our TFP become higher when utilization is considered. We find that our model and Author: Kensuke Miyazawa.
Last October, the State Council released opinions on further improving the utilization of foreign investment, with the aim of promoting high-quality development and unlocking market vitality. The opinions covered four areas — expanding opening-up, further promoting investment, deepening reform to facilitate investment, and protecting the.
Capacity utilization or capacity utilisation is the extent to which an enterprise or a nation uses its installed productive is the relationship between output that is produced with the installed equipment, and the potential output which could be produced with it, if capacity was fully used.
Published: Prucha, Ingmar R. & Nadiri, M. Ishaq, "Endogenous capital utilization and productivity measurement in dynamic factor demand models Theory and an application to the U.S.
electrical machinery industry," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 71(), pages Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these. Although interest in capital utilization has led to active discussion among economists, research on the subject of changing capital utilization in this country at least has been relatively meager.
The earlier capital utilization controversy was tabled in effect for lack of data. The. Economic capital is the amount of capital that a firm, usually in financial services, needs to ensure that the company stays solvent given its risk profile.
Economic capital is calculated Author: Will Kenton.The Level and Utilization of Human Capital in the United States, – APRIL ISSN – NOTE: This article highlights some of the research findings that have been published in the authors’ new book, Human Capital in the United States from towhich was recently published by the Upjohn Institute (see page 7).
T.According to BDC Business Consultant Jorge Henao, each ratio provides you with a different perspective, but depending on what type of business you operate one ratio could be more helpful than the other. For instance, if you operate in a capital intensive environment, the fixed asset turnover will help you determine how much your fixed assets (e.g.
machinery and equipment) are contributing to.